By Mohamed Saadouni for Magharebia in Casablanca – 10/10/12
Hundreds of participants from thirty countries gathered in Fes last week to examine the problems of labour, governance and employment.
The problem of employment has become a global phenomenon requiring intensification of efforts, development of new approaches and views of countries concerned, he said.
The event, organised by Morocco’s National Agency for the Promotion of Employment and Skills (ANAPEC) in association with the World Union of Public Employment Agencies, focused on the role of local administration and governance in promoting employment.
Attendees included experts from Morocco, Algeria, Croatia, Sweden, Denmark, Belgium, Nigeria and Benin among many others, as well as representatives of the World Bank, the African Development Bank and the Arab Labour Organisation.
According to Souhail, two major obstacles prevent elimination of joblessness: training and its responsiveness to the labour demands and inability to ensure good governance to spur job creation for degree holders.
Participants in the conference shared their countries’ experiences in combating unemployment and managing the crisis between employers and local communes.
“Forty-eight per cent of populations in North Africa are not active,” said World Bank representative Nadine Poupart. “Political and social factors definitely help aggravate the problem. We know that active citizens in North Africa have greater confidence in the public sector and see it as more stable and secure than the private sector.”
She continued, “The problem of unemployment in North Africa is due to lack of major enterprises, failure to promote investment and aging management and administration mentality in Maghreb countries.”